 ## Energy Units and Conversions

Energy Units and Conversions. 1 Joule (J) is the MKS unit of energy, equal to the force of one Newton acting through one meter. 1 Watt is the power of a Joule of energy per second. Power = Current x Voltage (P = I V) 1 Watt is the power from a current of 1 Ampere flowing …

## Fuel Energy Content and Unit Conversion Tables

Formulas for converting energy units and energy content for fuels to be used with generators. This is a new pop-up window on top of your GeneratorJoe browser window. CLICK T O CLOSE WINDOW. Fuel Energy Content & Conversions: The exact values will vary depending on the quality of the fuel and in some cases the pressure.

## Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculator

· The average heat content of coal consumed by the electric power sector in the U.S. in 2018 was 20.85 mmbtu per metric ton (EIA 2019). The average carbon coefficient of coal combusted for electricity generation in 2018 was 26.09 kilograms carbon per mmbtu (EPA 2019). The fraction oxidized is 100 percent (IPCC 2006).

## E = mc² | Equation, Explanation, & Proof | Britannica

· Furthermore, the energy of a body at rest could be assigned an arbitrary value. In special relativity, however, the energy of a body at rest is determined to be mc 2. Thus, each body of rest mass m possesses mc 2 of "rest energy," which potentially is available for conversion to other forms of energy. The mass-energy relation, moreover ...

## Coal Calculations | SGS Pakistan

Seyler''s Formula Various parameters of coal can be estimated from the Ultimate Analysis and Calorific Value determinations, using Seyler''s formula, and other similar calculations (e.g. Dulong''s formula). ISO 1928 2009 Determination of Gross Calorific Value

## CONVERSION FROM VOLUME TO ENERGY MEASUREMENT

CONVERSION FROM VOLUME TO ENERGY MEASUREMENT Radhey S. Thakral Duke Energy Gas Transmission P. O. Box 1642 Houston, Texas 77251 The purchase, transport, and sale of natural gas as a commodity with a specific energy value per cubic foot …

## EIA formula: Gas-fired plants convert nearly half of fuel ...

· Renewable energy resources combined consumed about 6.6 quads of energy last year to produce approximately 2.5 quads, showing a 38-percent rate of conversion …

## Converting Pressure to Energy | Physics Forums | Science ...

· 64. 0. No, it is not possible to convert even very high pressures into energy. In the sense that pressure is an amount of force per unit area while energy is the amount of doing work expressed in joules or calorie or btu .Take the following formula: Energy= (force X distance) Pressure= Force/ area.

## Fuel and Energy Conversion and Equivalence Chart

To use the formula below, remember to use a decimal for the appliance heating efficiency you are assuming (see Table 2). You must first convert the Btu content of the fuel per unit to millions of Btu by dividing the fuel''s Btu content per unit by 1,000,000. For example: 3,413 Btu/kWh (electricity) divided by 1,000,000 = 0.003413.

## Energy Conversion Efficiency

Energy conversion efficiency is mostly less than but it is possible to find energy conversion efficiencies higher than , such as heat pumps and refrigeration systems. Therefore, for these systems, another measure of performance is used that is the coefficient of performance (COP). Based on the first law of thermodynamics, an energy ...

## Power Conversion Formulas 2016

8 A-8: Air-Conditioning, Window Unit Note: On average, a window a/c requires one and a half hp per one ton of cooling. Enter tonnage of unit into Maintenance Feeder. Conversion Rates for A-8 85%.746kW x 1.5 = 1.119kW/ton 1.119kW / .85(Efficiency) = 1.316kW/ton

## Coal Calculations | SGS

About Coal. Contact; Coal Conversions. Glossary. Resources. About Coal‎ > ‎ Coal Conversions. To Calculate Lbs of SO2 / mmBtu from % Sulfur. Lbs SO2/mmBtu = (%Sulfur × 2 × 10000) ÷ Btu Example: If Btu/lb = 12500 and % Sulfur = 2.5, then ...

## CHAPTER 3: CALCULATION OF THE ENERGY CONTENT OF FOODS ...

The value for carbohydrate energy in chocolate is an extreme example - the factors range from 5.56 kJ/g (1.33 kcal/g) to 17 kJ/g (4.0 kcal/g). For most individual foods that are major sources of energy in the diet, use of a specific rather than a general factor results in differences that range from -6 to +3 percent.

## How to Convert Energy to Frequency

· How to calculate the frequency of a photon, given its energy. Frequency = Energy divided by Planck''s Constant

## Coal Marketing International

Coal Calculator. Units. Total moisture: Inherent Moisture: Ash component: Calorific Value (Gross As Received): Calorific Value (Air Dried Basis): Calorific Value (Dry Basis): Calorific Value (Dry Ash Free):

## formula for converting coal gcv to ncv

· indonesian coal conversion from gcv to ncv – Grinding Mill China. How do you convert ncv to gcv – The Q&A wiki. The calorific value is the measurement of heat or energy produced, and … coal conversion formula from adb to gcv. »More detailed

## Coal Conversion Calculator

Coal Futures (Central Appalachian Coal) - 12,000 Btus per pound) The value of a \$ /ton price move on this contract = Calculate \$ CME Group is the world''s leading and most diverse derivatives marketplace.

## Fuel Conversion Factors to Gasoline Gallon ...

These conversion factors help state and alternative fuel provider fleets report their compliance with Energy Policy Act (EPAct) requirements using the Alternative Compliance method. Fuel Type. Fuel Measurement Unit. Conversion Factor. GGE Calculation. B100. Gallons. 1.066. GGE = …

## Unit Conversion | Conversion Of Units | Unit Conversion Table

The conversion of height from feet to meters is a two-step process. First, convert the number of feet to meters, and then convert the number of inches to meters. Converting feet to meters, we get. 5 ft × 0.305 = 1.53 meters. Now, converting the inches to centimeters, we …

## Conversion Factors

Energy. 1 joule = 1 nt m = 10 7 ergs = 0.7376 ft lbwt = 0.2389 cal = 9.481 × 10-4 Btu. 1 ft lbwt = 1.356 joules = 0.3239 cal = 1.285 × 10-3 Btu. 1 calorie (cal) = 4.186 joules = 3.087 ft lbwt = 3.968 × 10-3 Btu. 1 Btu (British thermal unit) = 778 ft lbwt = 1055 joules = 0.293 watt h

## How to use the Excel CONVERT function | Exceljet

The Excel CONVERT function converts a number in one measurement system to another. For example, you can use CONVERT to convert feet into meters, pounds into kilograms, Fahrenheit to Celsius, gallons into liters, and for many other unit conversions.

## Understanding Coal Power Plant Heat Rate and Efficiency

· Because approximately 3,412 Btu/hr equals 1 kW, we can easily determine the thermodynamic efficiency of a power plant by dividing 3,412 by the heat rate. For example, a coal …

## Efficiency of Energy Conversion Devices | EGEE 102: Energy ...

Typical Efficiencies of Day to Day Devices. about 27% of the US energy is used for transportation. Yet the energy efficiency of a power plant is about 35%, and the efficiency of automobiles is about 25%. Thus, over 62% of the total primary energy in the U.S. is used in relatively inefficient conversion …

## Coal gasification

History. In the past, coal was converted to make coal gas, which was piped to customers to burn for illumination, heating, and cooking. High prices of oil and natural gas led to increased interest in "BTU Conversion" technologies such as gasification, methanation and liquefaction. The Synthetic Fuels Corporation was a U.S. government-funded corporation established in 1980 to create a market ...

## Conversion Tables

· Annual production in 10 6 tons coal equivalent (± approx. 11.2%) FO s = Effective fraction oxidized in year of production = 0.982 ± 2%: C s = Carbon content in tons C per ton coal …

## Carbon footprint calculation formulas

The following calculations are used for scope 2 (indirect) energy emissions: CO 2 = ((Total Amount Used Based on Occupancy * Emission Factor)) . CH 4 = ((Total Amount Used Based on Occupancy * CH 4 Emission Factor) * GWP CH 4 Conversion). N 2 O = ((Total Amount Used Based on Occupancy * N 2 O Emission Factor) * GWP N 2 O Conversion)

## Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

You can convert natural gas prices from one price basis to another with these formulas (assuming a heat content of natural gas of 1,037 Btu per cubic foot): \$ per Ccf divided by 1.037 equals \$ per therm \$ per therm multiplied by 1.037 equals \$ per Ccf \$ per Mcf divided by 1.037 equals \$ per MMBtu \$ per Mcf divided by 10.37 equals \$ per therm ...

## Transformation or Conversion of Energy with Examples ...

· A table fan converts electrical energy to mechanical kinetic energy, heat, and sound energy.As heat energy and sound energy produced is much less in comparison to mechanical energy, thus we consider it as a loss. When we switch on an electric bulb, a transformation or conversion of electrical energy to light and heat energy takes place. In this case, heat energy is dissipated to the ...

## Formulas for Celsius and Fahrenheit Conversions

· Using Formulas . To convert Celsius to Fahrenheit, you can use two basic formulas. If you know the temperature in Fahrenheit and want to convert it to Celsius, first subtract 32 from the temperature in Fahrenheit and multiply the result by five/ninth. The formula is:

## Energy conversion calculators

· Food energy conversion calculator . food calories Btu megajoules kilowatthours Clear Calculate. 1 food calorie = 1,000 calories, or 1 kilocalorie, or 3.9683 Btu. Scientific notation explained. Scientific notation is a short-hand way of writing a number that has a lot of digits. For example, the number 525,000,000 could be written as 5.25E+08.

## Carbon footprint calculations

The carbon footprint calculator converts each of these energy, travel, and waste sources from their original unit of measure, for example, kWh or miles, to tons CO 2 per year by applying emission conversion factors. The calculator uses the most current energy, travel, and waste data from the energy log, the travel log, and the waste log.

## Approximate conversion factors

Approximate conversion factors – Statistical Review of World Energy Page | 3 Calorific equivalents One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately Heat units 10 million kilocalories 42 gigajoules 40 million Btu Solid fuels 1.5 tonnes of hard coal 3 tonnes of lignite and sub–bituminous coal

## Energy conversion calculator

Complete list of Energy units for conversion. Converter Other Energy unit to Joule Joule to other unit; 1 Kilojoule [kJ] = 1000 Joule [J] Kilojoule to Joule: Joule to Kilojoule: 1 Kilowatt-hour [kW*h] = 3600000 Joule [J] Kilowatt-hour to Joule: Joule to Kilowatt-hour: 1 Watt-hour [W*h] = 3600 Joule [J]

## Convert calories to kJ

Online calculator to convert calories to kilojoules (cal to kJ) with formulas, examples, and tables. Our conversions provide a quick and easy way to convert between Energy units. A calorie is also called a small calorie or gram calorie.

## Coal Conversion Facts

Coal Conversion Facts . WORLD COAL INSTITUTE [email protected] August 2007 Calorific Values (CV) Units: kcal/kg – kilocalories per kilogram MJ/kg* – Megajoules per kilogram Btu/lb – British thermal units per pound * 1 MJ/kg = 1 Gigajoule/tonne (GJ/t)

## Power Factor, VA, AC Power: Calculation & Formulas

There is a common confusion about the difference between the watt and volt-amp (VA) measures for electric power, as well as about power factor. In this tutorial you will find a simple explanation of AC power calculation, the usage of these quantities in specifying backup energy sources, conversion formulas, and an online calculator.